He was the eldest of four children, and the only son. They were a close-knit family and prosperous, thanks to his father's extensive estates.
See Article History Alternative Title: The naturalistic style in which he was trained provided a language for the expression of his remarkable power of observation in portraying both the living model and still life.
Stimulated by the study of 16th-century Venetian paintinghe developed from a master of faithful likeness and characterization into the creator of masterpieces of visual impression unique in his time. With brilliant diversity of brushstrokes and subtle harmonies of colour, he achieved effects of form and texture, space, light, and atmosphere that make him the chief forerunner of 19th-century French Impressionism.
The number of personal documents is very small, and official documentation relating to his paintings is relatively rare. Since he seldom signed or dated his works, their identification and chronology has often to be based on stylistic evidence alone.
Though many copies of his portraits were evidently made in his studio by assistants, his own production was not large, and his surviving autograph works number fewer than He is known to have worked slowly, and during his later years much of his time was occupied by his duties as a court official in Madrid.
Sometimes the bodegones have religious scenes in the background, as in Christ in the House of Martha and Mary c.
In the following year he was recalled to Madrid by the prime ministerCount Olivares, a fellow Sevillian and a future patron. Soon after his arrival he painted a portrait of Philip IV that won him immediate success.
He was appointed court painter with a promise that no one else A biography of caravaggio portray the king. Though he continued to paint other subjects, as court painter he was chiefly occupied in portraying members of the royal family and their entourage, and he painted numerous portraits of Philip IV during the course of his life.
The full-length portraits of Philip IV —28 and his brother the Infante Don Carlos —27 are in the tradition of Spanish royal portraits established by Titian and are to some extent influenced by his style.
In A biography of caravaggio from Italian ambassadors in Madrid he is referred to as a young portrait painter, favourite of the king and Olivares, who was going to Italy to study and to improve his painting.
Although there is a Matthew named among the various lists of Jesus’ disciples, more telling is the fact that the name of Levi, the tax collector who in Mark became a follower of Jesus, in Matthew is changed to Matthew. “Caravaggio: A Life Sacred and Profane reads like a historical-swashbuckler-cum-detective-story while also providing an up-to-date introduction to some of the most admired paintings in Western art. Diego Velázquez: Diego Velazquez, the most important Spanish painter of the 17th century, universally acknowledged as one of the world’s greatest artists. The naturalistic style in which he was trained provided a language for the expression of his remarkable power of observation in portraying both the living model and still life.
The visit did in fact have an important effect on his artistic evolution. He stopped in Venice, where Palomino says he made drawings after Tintorettothe master of late 16th-century Venetian painting, and then hurried on to Rome.
Pacheco relates that he was given rooms in the Vatican palacewhich he found very isolated. After a year in Rome he returned to Spain, stopping on the way in Naples; he arrived back in Madrid early in These two monumental figure compositions are far removed from the limited realism in which he had been trained.
As a result of his Italian studies, particularly of Venetian painting, his development in the treatment of space, perspective, light, and colour and his broader technique mark the beginning of a new phase in his lifelong pursuit of the truthful rendering of visual appearance.
He took up again his chief office of portrait painter and was occasionally called on to represent mythological subjects for the decoration of the royal apartments.
From now on his religious works are rare and individual. The devotional quality of his early Sevillian paintings finds moving expression in The Crucified Christ c.
In The Coronation of the Virgin —36 the solemnity and dignity of the holy persons are set off by their voluminous colourful robes in a composition of exceptional splendour specially fitting for a painting of the Queen of Heaven made to adorn the oratory of the queen of Spain.
The Surrender of Breda c. Though the elaborate composition was based on a pictorial formula of Rubens, he creates a vivid impression of actuality and of human drama by means of accurate topographical details and the lifelike portraiture of the principal figures.
The Lady with a Fan c. This time he was on official business as gentleman of the bedchamber. The chief purpose of the journey was to buy paintings and antiques for the king for the decoration of new apartments in the royal palace and also to engage fresco painters to decorate the ceilings of the apartments and to reintroduce fresco painting into Spain.
He then went on to Modenawhere he saw the famous ducal collection, which included his own portrait of the duke of Modena, painted in Madrid in According to Palomino, he stopped in many other cities, including Bologna, where he contracted fresco painters to work in Madrid.
This is an exceptional unofficial portrait, unusually boldly painted, which creates a powerful effect of familiar and living likeness.
They are unique examples of pure landscape in his surviving work and among those of his achievements that foreshadow 19th-century Impressionism. The Toilet of Venus —51; or The Rokeby Venus was also probably painted in Italy and is one of the few representations of the female nude in Spanish painting before the 19th century.
The theme of the toilet of Venus, the rich colouring and warm flesh tones, are inspired mainly by Titian and other Venetian painters. During his absence Philip had remarried, and the young queen, Mariana of Austria, with her children provided new subjects for him to portray.
The royal ladies appear as doll-like figures, with their enormous coiffures and farthingale hoops.
The Spinners; or, The Fable of Arachne —60a genre scene in a tapestry factory, is at the same time an illustration of the ancient Greek fable of the spinning contest between Pallas Athena and Arachne.
Here the mythological subject—like the religious scene in some of the early bodegones—is in the background. But in this late work there is no barrier between the world of myth and reality; they are united in an ingenious composition by formal and aerial perspective. Shortly after his return to Madrid, he fell ill, and he died on August 6.
His European fame dates from the beginning of the 19th century. Many of his early Sevillian paintings were acquired then by foreign chiefly English collectors. Most of his later official works were incorporated into the Prado Museumin Madrid.Andrew Wyeth (July 12, – January 16, ) was a visual artist, primarily a realist painter, working predominantly in a regionalist style.
He was one of the best-known U.S. artists of the middle 20th century, and was sometimes referred to as the "Painter of the People," due to his work's popularity with the American public.
Caravaggio (Michelangelo Merisi or Amerighi) was born in Milan, where his father, Fermo (Fermo Merixio), was a household administrator and architect-decorator to the Marchese of Caravaggio, a town not far from the city of Bergamo.
In the family moved to Caravaggio (Caravaggius) to escape a plague that ravaged Milan, and Caravaggio's father and grandfather both died there on the same day.
Arrogant, rebellious and a murderer, Caravaggio's short and tempestuous life matched the drama of his works. Characterised by their dramatic, almost theatrical lighting, Caravaggio's paintings were controversial, popular, and hugely influential on succeeding generations of painters all over Europe.
“Caravaggio: A Life Sacred and Profane reads like a historical-swashbuckler-cum-detective-story while also providing an up-to-date introduction to some of the most admired paintings in Western art.
Caravaggio stayed in Peterzano's workshop for four years, learning the basics of the artist's craft. The years to in Caravaggio's life remain obscure, although one biographer suggests that the artist visited Venice during that time.
Early Days. Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio was born near Milan in , his father was an architect or decorator. Five years later, to escape the plague which was rampaging through Milan at the time (killing his father in the process), the family moved to the town of Caravaggio near Bergamo, (from which their surname came).