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Overview Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among teens. Immaturity and lack of driving experience are the two main factors leading to the high crash rate among young people ages Other major contributing factors to the higher crash risk of young drivers are night driving and teen passengers.
Teenagers are involved in more motor vehicle crashes late in the day and at night than at other times of the day. Graduated drivers license GDL laws, which include a three-phase program that allows teen drivers to develop more mature driving attitudes and gain experience behind the wheel, have been successful in reducing teen motor vehicle accidents.
In Florida became the first state to enact a GDL law. Every state now has a GDL law. To control the problem of young drivers accounting for a disproportionate number of motor vehicle crashes, each state has adopted one or more elements of a graduated drivers license GDL system.
Graduated licensing requires a more rigorous learning period before granting young people between the ages of 15 and 18 a drivers license with full privileges. Graduated licensing consists of three stages.
Stage 1 learners permit requirements and recommendations include a vision test, a road knowledge test, driving accompanied by a licensed adult, seat belt use by all vehicle occupants, a zero BAC level, and six months with no crashes or convictions for traffic violations.
Stage 2 intermediate license includes the completion of Stage 1, a behind-the-wheel road test, advanced driver education training, driving accompanied by a licensed adult at night, and 12 consecutive months with no crashes or convictions for traffic offenses before reaching Stage 3 full license. Impact of Graduated Drivers License Laws: Studies dating back to the late s attribute reductions in teen crash deaths to GDL programs.
GDLs had reduced deaths among teenage drivers in New Zealand, Australia and Canada, where versions of the system exist. The first long-term study to investigate the benefits of each licensing stage was conducted in in Nova Scotia. It concluded that GDLs led to crash reduction among young beginning drivers in both the learner and intermediate stages.
For beginning drivers who got their learners permit at or years old, crashes declined 51 percent in the learner stage. During the intermediate stage, when drivers can drive unsupervised except late at night, crashes were reduced by 9 percent in the first year and 11 percent in the second year.
Crash rates increased by 4 percent, however, during the first year after the drivers graduated to full license status. A study conducted by the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety IIHS found that the death rate fell 68 percent for year old drivers from to Among older teenagers the death rate fell 59 percent for year olds, and 52 percent and 47 percent for and year olds, respectively, during the same period.
The IIHS attributes the declines to the adoption of GDL laws and said that if every state adopted all five of the toughest laws that it had identified, about lives could be saved and 9, collisions prevented each year. The five most effective laws it identified were a minimum permit age of 16, a minimum intermediate license age of 17, at least 65 hours of supervised practice driving, restrictions on night driving that begin at 8 pm and banning all teen passengers.
Restrictions on passengers of teen drivers Research shows that when teenage drivers transport teen passengers there is a greatly increased crash risk.
The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety released a report in October that showed that the risk of or year old drivers being killed in a crash increases with each additional teenage passenger in the vehicle.
The risk increases 44 percent with one passenger; it doubles with two passengers and quadruples with three or more passengers. The study analyzed crash data and the number of miles driven by and year olds.
Other studies examined the issue of passengers of teenage drivers. A March National Highway Traffic Safety Administration report found that when there were multiple passengers in vehicles driven by teen drivers, the crash risk was three to five times greater than when driving alone; the risk was greatest for the youngest drivers age 16 and In California, Massachusetts and Virginia passenger restrictions have reduced crashes among year-old drivers.
Crash involvement per 1, year-old drivers fell from 1. The reduction was from 0. Raising the driving age In most countries 18 is the minimum age at which a person may obtain a driver's license.
In the United States most states permit unsupervised driving at age A study highlighted in a September report by the IIHS found that raising the age at which drivers are licensed would save lives.
The study focused on driving age and rules in different countries and found that raising the driving age would substantially reduce crashes involving teenage drivers in the United States.Facts & Stats Home Facts & Stats Distracted driving is any activity that takes your eyes off the road, your hands off the wheel, or your mind off of your primary task of driving safely, potentially endangering the driver, passenger, and bystander safety.
In , there were over 2, , teen driving accidents and 6, deaths ("Am I Safe?"). One out of three teens has an accident during their first year of driving ("Am I Safe?").
As a result of these findings, the Department of Motor Vehicles believes that the driving age should be increased to the age of eighteen. Texting and driving is becoming more popular, especially with teenage drivers, with over 11, deaths nationwide last years alone.
Studies show that while reading a text one’s stopping distance increases by 36 feet, versus sending a text which increases the distance by 70 feet. Examines new trend essay paragraphs opposing view, such settings, pocholo taduran discusses dangers and isn t all driving persuasive essay about teenage driver.
Kaitlyn's drunk driving essay on college why do we already allow parents and drinking age when anyone under aged teens. Teenage drivers should stay off the roads after midnight, not only because it's the law, but also because it's safer.
Even in good weather conditions, driving between 12 and 6 4/5(2). Dangers of Teen Driving by ElmntlMage6. Automobile accidents are the number one cause of death among American teenagers. In Sharon M. Draper's The Battle of Jericho the dangers of teen driving are illustrated in the following three ways: teens are more likely to speed, teens are immature, and teens have little to no experience.
All of these dangers come together to prove that automobile.