Loyola Marymount University Introduction The religious traditions of India are rich and various, offering diverse theological and practical perspectives on the human condition. Buddhism the topic of a separate summaryHinduism, and Jainism.
There are many philosophical, ritual, narrative, theistic, and nontheistic traditions within Hinduism and, therefore, Hinduism encompasses pluralistic views towards nature. Many Hindu communities value nature, think of the universe as the body of God, pray for peace between all the elements of the universe, urge nonviolence to all beings on earth, and personify nature and the earth as goddesses.
However, others devalue nature by thinking of matter homologized to women as ensnaring the Hinduism ecology critique of ecological and preventing it from achieving liberation. Yet other Hindus think of the universe as ultimately without reality, and some Hindus think of the final goal as transcending all dualities of good and evil, spirit and matter, culture and nature.
Several Indian words in Sanskrit and in vernacular languages have philosophical and colloquial meanings corresponding to the many meanings of nature.
In general, the term nature will be used here to refer to those elements that are considered to be part of the lived or conceptualized environment in the many Hindu traditions. The many Sanskrit texts within Hindu traditions have had a limited role to play in the history of the religion.
Hindu traditions consider custom and practice to be as important as the texts themselves.
Nevertheless, with the intellectual colonization by the West and the advent of mass media, more Hindus today have started to focus on the sacred texts, and many search for answers to the environmental crises both in text and practice. This entry, therefore, will discuss textual sources, as well as eco-practices adopted by Hindus.
This essay will consider the phenomena of nature in texts and then discuss the various forms of environmental activism in India that use religio-cultural concepts as sources of inspiration or guidance.
Environmental activism has been largely guided by notions of dharma duty, righteousness, "religion". Nature in Sanskrit Texts The earliest hymns of the Vedas are addressed to many gods, and many of them are connected with natural phenomena and the environment the people lived in.
Agni, the god of fire, is seen as a messenger between human beings and the deities because offerings were placed in the fire to be carried to other worlds. Agni is the fire on earth, lightning in the atmosphere, and the sun in the sky.
It makes harmony and peace possible on the earth and in the heavens. In retrieving and revisioning the Vedas, Hindus have emphasized those sections that speak of peace and harmony. Thus, the "Shanti path" Song of peace in the Yajurveda Repeating a hymn composed more than three millennia ago, the Hindu devotee recites: May the healing plants and trees bring peace; may there be peace [on and from] the world, the deity.
May there be peace in the world, peace on peace. May that peace come to me! By the beginning of the third eon, things are perceived as going awry. That is just the beginning of the decline in virtue and behavior.
At the end of the eon the population increases; there is a stench everywhere. The "natural" order of things becomes sluggish; the cows will yield little milk; and the trees, teeming with crows, will yield few flowers and fruits.
The brahmans —the priestly class—it is said will plunder the land bare for alms.
At the end of a thousand eons, the text continues, there will be a drought of many years, and all creatures will starve.In the two conferences devoted to these traditions, scholars and religious leaders explored Hindu and Jaina literature, history, sociology, ritual, and asceticism in light of the current ecological crisis.
Hinduism and Ecology The Vedic traditions of Hinduism offer imagery that values the power of the natural world. See all: Religions of the World and Ecology This fourth volume in the series exploring religions and the environment investigates the role of the multifaceted Hindu tradition in the development of greater ecological awareness in India.
ecology and religion: ecology and hinduism Hinduism, the major religious tradition in India and the faith of almost a billion people around the world, is extremely diverse. There are many philosophical, ritual, narrative, theistic, and nontheistic traditions within Hinduism and, therefore, Hinduism encompasses pluralistic views towards nature.
ECOLOGY AND RELIGION: ECOLOGY AND HINDUISM. Hinduism, the major religious tradition in India and the faith of almost a billion people around the world, is extremely diverse.
There are many philosophical, ritual, narrative, theistic, and nontheistic traditions within Hinduism and, therefore, Hinduism encompasses pluralistic views towards nature.
This refers to the progressive changes that happen to the biological structure of an ecological community. Over time, there are changes that take place in the composition of species that constitute an. Hinduism. Hinduism, Jainism, and Ecology. Christopher Key Chapple Loyola Marymount University.
Introduction The religious traditions of India are rich and various, offering diverse theological and practical perspectives on the human condition.