How to write a systematic review in medicine

Siston,z PhD, and David C. The role of evidence-based medicine in sports medicine and orthopaedic surgery is rapidly growing. Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are also proliferating in the medical literature. The steps of a successful systematic review include the following:

How to write a systematic review in medicine

Tables Figures All scientific journals have author instructions. Study them carefully and follow them. Some journals may want you to submit without a title page.

Some journals want the tables and figures as the last part of the manuscript. Other journals want you to upload tables and figures as separate files. Some journals may want the acknowledgement in another place. All text should be written with 1.

Most journals prefer a font size of The maximum allowed length of a manuscript varies depending on journal. Item above should be headings in your manuscript. Item 3 Introduction is also a heading in some journals while in others the background text starts directly without a heading.

Check in author instructions how long how many words your manuscript can be. A few journals have no word limit. However, most journals have and for a literature review it would usually be somewhere between 2, words.

The shorter the more likely it is read. It is difficult and very time consuming to shorten a manuscript expressing yourself more succinct. However, if successful the reader will experience a well digested interesting text that reads more easily.

For every sentence you need to ask yourself — is this sentence really necessary? Can I refer to the original publication instead of describing all details?

Once you have gone through all sentences you need to start over and ask for every word — is this word really necessary? Have a look at some of the examples given in the table above.

I also states who is corresponding author. Identify the manuscript as a systematic review and meta-analysis if relevant in the title.

how to write a systematic review in medicine

The title page is a separate page. Some journals prefer it to be the first page of the document. Other journals want it as a separate file. The abstract is usually also a separate page coming after the title page but before the introduction.

Hence, the introduction starts on a new page. Each paragraph prepares the way for the next paragraph: Begin with describing the topic and why it is an important topic. You may want to mention prevalence or costs associated with this topic. You are not supposed to write a new textbook here so this paragraph must not be too long.

The rationale for a project is always to solve a problem. In this paragraph describe the unresolved problem associated with the topic. The problem may be a few examples: It is unclear what the effect of these treatment options are. Sometimes you and your advisors may find that to your knowledge there are no previously published literature reviews.

If that is the case state state this rather than just not addressing previous reviews. In the previous paragraphs you have described the topic, the remaining problem and previous systematic reviews to shed light on the problem.

If previous literature reviews sheed enough light on the problem solved it completely then there would not be a need for a new systematic literature review. Thus, you need to describe, in light of previous published reviews, why a new review is needed.To provide the outline necessary for a practitioner to properly understand and/or conduct a systematic review for publication in a sports medicine journal.

Study Design: Review. Mar 06,  · A non-systematic review means use of articles collected for years with the recommendations of your colleagues, while systematic review is based on struggles to search for, and find the best possible researches which will respond to the questions predetermined at the start of the review.

A systematic literature review attempts ‘to identify, appraise and synthesize all the empirical evidence that meets pre-specified eligibility criteria to answer a .

how to write a systematic review in medicine

A systematic review answers a defined research question by collecting and summarising all empirical evidence that fits pre-specified eligibility criteria. A meta-analysis is the use of statistical methods to summarise the results of these studies.

Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is the combination of the best available research evidence with clinical experience and patient needs. The concept of EBM as a part of clinical decision making has become increasingly popular over the last decade.

In the hierarchy of studies meta-analysis and systematic reviews occupy the highest levels. Annals of Internal Medicine. Aug;(4) The PRISMA Statement for Reporting Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses of Studies That Evaluate Health Care Interventions: Explanation and Elaboration.

Liberati A, Altman DG, Tetzlaff J, Mulrow C, Gøtzsche PC, et al. Annals of Internal Medicine. Aug;(4):WW

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