Both are viewed as epistemologies that present a different idea of what constitutes as knowledge. Positivism can be understood as a philosophical stance that emphasizes that knowledge should be gained through observable and measurable facts. In this sense, this is considered as a rigid scientific inquiry. On the other hand, Constructivism states that reality is socially constructed.
Volume 4, Issue 2, MarchPages: To cite this article: American Journal of Applied Psychology. It has been experienced with a number of armed conflicts, ethno-linguistic disputes, religious radicalism where in it catches the attention of most developed nations including US for their strategic interest over the region.
Accordingly, this paper attempted to identify and critically analyze the due reasons for Interpretivism and constructivism escalated war and instability throughout the region.
By collecting secondary data from different reliable and verifiable sources, the data were analyzed using a combination of interpretivism and constructivism to guide the qualitative method of research.
Hence, the output of the research depicted that the HOA is challenged by diversified intra-state and inter-state conflicts among the neighboring countries owing to economic, social, political and historical grounds. Most of them were rooting to boarder and territorial conflicts and ethnic and religious polarization.
There are also resource centered disputes especially on the Red Sea, Indian Ocean and River Nile the start of Ethiopia to construct The Great Renaissance Dam brings tension and anxiety among the three competing countries i. Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt.
Though it is less sever, an armed cattle-raiding conflict in the frontier border lines of some of the states of the horn make them in trouble occasionally. Footed on identity conflicts, clan or religious based political parties struggle for power by provoking the peaceful society to get in to violence for their personal interests at the expense of the community.
Even after they took power these parties will be either dictatorial or against good governance which drives multifaceted dispute with in a society. However, it is possible to peacefully resolve or prevent these issues including anticipating possible conflicts to early warn them, strategic intervention and necessary action, if required, by the sub-regional, regional and international organizations.
It is pertinent to use cultural conflict resolution methods by involving ethnic figureheads and religious leaders for discussion and to hamper conflict escalations. Background of the Study Conflict is undesirable. In its violent form, it claims the lives of many people, destroys property, and diverts human as well as financial resources away from development.
The Horn region is one of the most conflict-ravaged areas on the African continent. It is a region well known in African politics of being a volatile, hostile and poor place due to numerous conflicts, wars, and colorizations.
The populations of the region have endured many inter-state and intra-state armed conflicts. The fact that the Horn of Africa is central to the politics of the USA, Europe and the Arab world has gained worldwide recognition due to the frequent incidents of war in the region. The solution for the conflicts in the area should be sought in the context of the history, political system, religious affiliations and economic relations of the Horn countries to the rest of the world.
Recent changes in the political order of the world may have also changed the influence of the East on the Horn countries. This has been demonstrated in the direction western countries are taking on matters concerning the Horn countries especially after the end of the cold war.Definition.
A research paradigm is an approach or a research model to conducting a research that has been verified by the research community for long and that has been in practice for hundreds of years.
Basic Principles. Objectivism/Behaviorism: Cognitivism/Pragmatism: Constructivism/Interpretivism: Learning happens when a correct response is demonstrated following. Walmart business strategy is based on ‘everyday low prices’ philosophy of the company. In other words, Walmart pursues cost leadership business strategy enabled by the economies of scale derived by the company in a significant extent.
What is the difference between Positivism and Constructivism? • Definitions of Positivism and Constructivism: • Positivism can be understood as a philosophical stance that emphasizes that knowledge should be gained through observable and measurable facts.
Adrian Hill Open School BC Canada Adrian Hill is an educational project manager with Open School BC.
He holds a Bachelor's degree in Philosophy and a Bachelor's degree in Education from McGill University, and has been working in the field of e-learning for five years. Interpretivism, by its nature promotes the value of qualitative data in pursuit of knowledge Kaplan (& Maxwell, ).
In essence, this philosophical and research paradigm is concerned with the uniqueness of a particular sit-.