Chile[ edit ] In Chilethe completion of a university program leads to an academic degree as well as a professional title.
Latinos in World War II: August United States Army At the heart of the modern Latino experience has been the quest for first-class citizenship. Within this broader framework, military service provides unassailable proof that Latinos are Americans who have been proud to serve, fight, and die for their country, the U.
Thus, advocates of Latino equality often note that Latinos have fought in every U. Bypeople of Mexican descent in the U. Often the children of immigrants who had entered in previous decades, they strongly identified with the country of their birth.
The result was massive Mexican American participation in World War II, the most recent estimate being that someMexican Americans served in the conflict For many, a novel sensation of belonging accompanied the experience.
Private Armando Flores of Corpus Christi, Texas, for example, fondly recalled being rebuked for putting his hands Puerto rico essay example his pockets on a Puerto rico essay example day during basic training.
Just 19, Maria Sally Salazar of Laredo, Texas, for example, was so eager to join the Army's Women Army Corps that she borrowed her sister's birth certificate so that she could pass for 21, the minimum age requirement for women.
After basic training, she spent 18 months in the Philippine jungle working out of an administrative building but also tending the wounded when needed.
In addition, thousands of Mexican American men and women found jobs in defense industries, an opportunity that was almost denied them because anti-Mexican prejudice remained so high. Although President Franklin Roosevelt had issued an executive order in banning discrimination in defense industry hiring, the war's seemingly ceaseless demand for labor soon proved more effective in trouncing employer reluctance to hire Latino workers.
The upshot was that wartime sacrifice was often a family affair. The Sanchez family, transplanted from Bernalillo, New Mexico to Southern California before the war, is a case in point. Of ten grown siblings, three sisters each became a "Rosita the Riveter," while all five brothers served: Navy Construction Battalion, and the eldest, who turned 50 during the war, as a civil defense air-raid warden.
The family's participation was so extensive that members remember waiting to hear of one brother's fate during the Battle of the Bulge just after hearing another brother had died in combat in the Philippines.
Thus, a tiny two-block lane in Silvis, Illinois, originally settled by Mexican immigrant railroad workers, earned the nickname "Hero Street" for sending an amazing 45 sons off to war.
Sent to the Philippines because of their ability to use Spanish to communicate with their Filipino allies, many New Mexicans meanwhile experienced the horrors of the Bataan death march.
Pinpointing ethnicity by looking at Spanish-surnames in addition to birthplace makes clear, moreover, that at least 11 Mexican Americans received the Medal of Honor during the conflict. Among them was Joseph P. Many ethnic group members attributed their willingness to serve, and to serve so courageously to their unique cultural inheritance, one rooted in both Iberian and indigenous warrior societies.
As Medal of Honor recipient Silvestre Herrera explained his decision to enter a minefield and single-handedly attack an enemy stronghold in France, a decision that cost him both feet in an explosion, "I am a Mexican-American and we have a tradition.
We're supposed to be men, not sissies. In recognition of Herrera's heroism, for example, the governor of Arizona decided to name August 14, Silvestre Herrera Day. Unfortunately, in advance of that date the governor also had to order Phoenix businesses to take down signs that read, "No Mexican Trade Wanted.
Although local city officials charged Garcia with aggravated assault, nationally he won in the court of public opinion, especially after the radio celebrity Walter Winchell decried the injustice of the incident on his program. Especially after fighting a fascist dictatorship that championed an ideology of racial supremacy, the idea that wartime sacrifice merited peacetime equality resonated with more Americans than ever.
It also contributed to the success of another civil rights organization dedicated to addressing Mexican American concerns. Four years after his combat death in the Philippines inLongoria's remains were shipped to the U. The local funeral home, however, refused a request by his widow, Beatrice, to use the funeral home's chapel for a wake in his honor.
As the funeral home director explained then, "We just never made it a practice to let them [Mexican Americans use the chapel and we don't want to start now. Across the Southwest, segregation against Mexican Americans endured less as a matter of law than as a matter of social custom.- Puerto Rico and the United States Since Puerto Rico was first discovered by Christopher Columbus on November 19, , and Spanish colonization ensued in , Puerto Rico has experienced all of these pressures of identity and culture.
The Music Culture in Puerto Rico Essay. The Music Culture in Puerto Rico during the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries is poorly documented. It most likely included Spanish church music, military band music, and diverse genres cultivated by the jíbaros, who are peasants, mostly of Taino descent, and enslaved Africans and their descendants.
Puerto Rico, officially known as the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, is an island nation located between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. East of the Dominican Republic, the island has a total area of 13, square kilometers, with 8, of it being land, while the remaining 4, square kilometers is water.
The Status of Puerto Rico Essay. The Status of Puerto Rico The issue of Puerto Rico’s political status has been the most controversial ongoing debate since the U.S. invasion of But first the condition of Puerto Rico at the time of the invasion must be studied in order to understand the conflicting political ideals that would divide the nation in the .
Sep 30, · Puerto Rico once competed on the basis of two things -- its comparative advantage in the production of tropical agricultural products and its preferential access to the U.S. market.
The island became a major seller of sugar to the U.S.
Puerto Rico Essay Words | 9 Pages. Puerto Rico is an island located in the northeastern Caribbean Sea, which is an unincorporated territory of the United States.
The islands of Puerto Rico were acquired by the United States in , where Spain ceded the islands to the U.S.