He contributed four major romances to the world's literature: In each of these he sought, in the prefaces, to define what romance meant to him. In the Custom House preface of The Scarlet Letter, Hawthorne discusses part of his concept or definition of the romance novel.
One important influence on the story is money. Hawthorne had never made much money as an author and the birth of his first daughter added to the financial burden "Biographical Note" VII. He received a job at the Salem Custom House only to lose it three years later and be forced to write again to support his family IX.
It was only intended to be a long short story, but the extra money a novel would bring in was needed "Introduction" XVI. In addition to financial worries, another influence on the story is Hawthorne's rejection of his ancestors.
Nathaniel Hawthorne, author of The Scarlet Letter, felt that the Puritans were people who believed that the world was a place where the battle between good and evil was a never-ending one. Throughout the novel, Hawthorne uses the symbols of light and dark to depict this battle among the characters Hester Prynne, Pearl, and Roger Chillingworth. A summary of Themes in Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Scarlet Letter and what it means. Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Transcript of The Scarlet Letter: Hawthorne's use of light and dark. Chiaroscuro The Scarlet Letter: A technique in which the contrast between light and dark is used to highlight certain elements of a piece of artistic work. The darkness carries a negative connotation, which helps the reader to see that his secrecy was destroying him.
His forefathers were strict Puritans, and John Hathorne, his great-great-grandfather, was a judge presiding during the S! Hawthorne did not condone their acts and actually spent a great deal of his life renouncing the Puritans in general VII. Similarly, The Scarlet Letter was a literal "soapbox" for Hawthorne to convey to the world that the majority of Puritans were strict and unfeeling.
For example, before Hester emerges from the prison she is being scorned by a group of women who feel that she deserves a larger punishment than she actually receives. Instead of only being made to stand on the scaffold and wear the scarlet letter on her chest, they suggest that she have it branded on her forehead or even be put to death Hawthorne Perhaps the most important influence on the story is the author's interest in the "dark side" "Introduction" VIII.
Unlike the transcendentalists of the era, Hawthorne "confronted reality, rather than evading it" VII. Likewise, The Scarlet Letter deals with adultery, a subject that caused much scandal when it w! The book revolves around sin and punish ment, a far outcry from writers of the time, such as Emerson and Thoreau, who dwelt on optimistic themes VII.
This background, together with a believable plot, convincing characterization, and important literary devices enables Nathaniel Hawthorne in The Scarlet Letter to the develop the theme of the heart as a prison. The scaffold scenes are the most substantial situations in the story because they unify The Scarlet Letter in two influential ways.
First of all, every scaffold scene reunites the main characters of the novel. In the first scene, everyone in the town is gathered in the market place because Hester is being questioned about the identity of the father of her child Hawthorne In her arms is the product of her sin, Pearl, a three month old baby who is experiencing life outside the prison for the first time Dimmesdale is standing beside the scaffold because he is Hester's pastor and it is his job to convince her to repent and reveal the father's name A short time later, Chillingworth unexpectedly shows up within the crowd of people who are watching Hester after he is released from his two year captivity by the Indians In the second scene, Dimmesdale is standing on top of the scaffold alone in the middle of the night He sees Hester and Pearl wal!
When Dimmesdale recognizes them and tells them to join him, they walk up the steps to stand by his side Chillingworth appears later standing beside the scaffold, staring at Dimmesdale, Hester, and Pearl.
In the final scaffold scene, Dimmesdale walks to the steps of the scaffold in front of the whole town after his Election day sermon He tells Hester and Pearl to join him yet again on the scaffold Chillingworth then runs through the crowd and tries to stop Dimmesdale from reaching the top of the scaffold, the one place where he can't reach him Another way in which the scenes are united is how each illustrates the immediate, delayed, and prolonged effects that the sin of adultery has on the main characters.
The first scene shows Hester being publicly punished on the scaffold She is being forced to stand on it for three hours straight and listen to peop!
Dimmesdale's instantaneous response to the sin is to lie. He stands before Hester and the rest of the town and proceeds to give a moving speech about how it would be in her and the father's best interest for her to reveal the father's name Though he never actually says that he is not the other parent, he implies it by talking of the father in third person Such as, "If thou feelest it to be for thy soul's peace, and that thy earthly punishment will thereby be made more effectual to salvation, I charge thee to speak out the name of thy fellow-sinner and fellow-sufferer" Chillingworth's first reaction is one of shock, but he quickly suppresses it Since his first sight of his wife in two years is of her being punished for being unfaithful to him, he is naturally surprised.Liberalism, as a political philosophy, can be traced as the foundation to several theories that were circulating the American nation during the mid-nineteenth century.
This political ideology embraces a strong repudiation for the laws, customs, and institutions of the time that were believe. Nathaniel Hawthorne, author of The Scarlet Letter, felt that the Puritans were people who believed that the world was a place where the battle between good and evil was a never-ending one.
Throughout the novel, Hawthorne uses the symbols of light and dark to depict this battle among the characters Hester Prynne, Pearl, and Roger Chillingworth. Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter, develops the theme of conflict through the moral sin of Hester Prynne.
Conflict is observed through Hester’s difficulties with the townspeople, challenges with the Puritan way of life, struggles with herself and tensions with Roger Chillingworth.
|Nathaniel Hawthorne||Committing sin in the Puritan society leads to a great deal of conflicts.|
The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne is a story about love and guilt. Written way ahead of its time and set in Puritan era Boston, this is a story about a woman, Hester Prynne, who lives her life like a criminal, yet never ceases to do as much good as she can.
- The Scarlet letter is the work of Hawthorne in The Scarlet Letter is emotionally so complex that the symbolism in the story can be hard to figure out. The Scarlet Letter is based on sin, guilt, and evil.
Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter is one of the most analyzed and most discussed literary works in American literature and for good reason.
Hawthorne's ambiguity and his intense use of symbols have made 4/5(4).